Man experiences joint pain elbow pain

Muscle Pain (Myalgia): Symptoms, Causes and Relief

Muscle pain, also known as myalgia, can make it difficult to enjoy your everyday activities. Whether it’s getting up out of the kitchen chair after drinking your morning coffee or walking to answer a knock at the door, muscle pain can make even the little things difficult. It’s something most people experience from time to time to varying degrees. Here we explain myalgia’s symptoms and causes so you can get to the source of your discomfort – and move on to more joyful movement. Aaah. Doesn’t that sound nice?

Muscle pain can appear in anyone who has muscles – which is everyone! Adults and children alike can get muscle aches from localised causes like overexertion, injury, or systemic causes like inflammatory conditions.

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Symptoms of muscle pain

Luckily (if you can say that about pain), muscle pain symptoms are fairly straightforward to spot. Here’s what to look out for:

  • If your myalgia is localised, you may feel muscle soreness or weakness in a specific area. 
  • If your myalgia is systemic, you may feel muscle aches and pains throughout your body  
A woman with knee pain

Muscle pain can resolve on its own with non-medicinal methods of relief. However, some muscle pains may be more worrisome than others. 

When your muscle pain symptoms are accompanied by the following – call a doctor immediately1:

  • A very high fever
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Rash
  • A tick bite
  • Stiff neck
  • Pronounced muscle weakness
  • Muscle pain that is extreme or came on suddenly without explanation

Causes of muscle pain

The most common causes of muscle pain are:

  • Strains - Strains occur when a tendon gets stretched beyond its normal capacity. This can occur from accidents, falls, sudden twisting motions, and athletic activities.
  • Injury or blunt force trauma - Bumps and bruises can cause muscle pain. When your body has received a strong impact, it can cause a contusion (more commonly known as a bruise) in your muscle. You may feel tenderness and swelling as a result.
  • Overexertion - Whether you went too hard at the gym or stood on your feet for too long in the kitchen cooking for a holiday meal – if your body is unaccustomed to such exertion, you may experience muscle pain and soreness the next day or two.
  • Stress - When you’re feeling stressed out, you may notice your muscles getting tense and achy. That’s because psychological or physical stress can cause your muscles to tense up, this is the body’s automatic reaction in order to protect against injury and pain. Long-lasting or chronic stress can create a near-constant state of muscle tension, which can cause muscle pain. Many people feel this stress pain most in their shoulders and neck.2
Man streching his neck at a computer desk
Medical professional showing a woman proper posture
  • Dehydration - Not drinking enough water can cause muscle cramps and pain. When undertaking physical activity - especially when it's hot out, but in cold weather, too - be sure to stay hydrated. Dehydration can cause increased muscle soreness post physical activity3. So, be sure to take a water bottle with you when you’re out moving about.
  • Poor posture - Standing or sitting with poor posture can strain your muscles, which can then in turn cause muscle pain.
  • Lack of sleep - Sleep is the body’s time to rest and recuperate. Sleep deprivation can leave the body feeling run down. Muscle pain can be associated with not getting a good night’s sleep.4

When muscle pain occurs throughout the entire body, it is more likely to be due to something systemic, such as an infection, or an underlying illness. If you suspect this may be the case with your muscle pain, make an appointment with your doctor. He or she may order blood tests to help understand the cause of your muscle pain.

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Joint pain relief via Voltaren ingredient Diclofenac targeted at knee pain

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